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Coccoloba uvifera, commonly known as sea grape, is a species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family. It is native to the coasts of the Caribbean, Central America, and northern South America. It is a large, fast-growing shrub or small tree that can reach heights of up to 10 meters. Coccoloba uvifera is known for its large, leathery leaves and its edible, grape-like fruit that is popular with wildlife, such as birds and sea turtles. The plant is also valued for its use as an ornamental in coastal landscaping due to its tolerance of salt and wind.
- Light: The plant prefers full sun to partial shade.
- Soil: Sea grape grows in a variety of soils, including sandy and rocky soils, but it prefers well-draining soils.
- Water: Water the plant regularly, but avoid overwatering, which can lead to root rot. Sea grape is drought-tolerant and can survive with minimal water.
- Fertilizer: Fertilize the plant once a month during the growing season with a balanced liquid fertilizer.
- Pruning: Prune dead or damaged branches regularly to maintain a healthy appearance and encourage new growth.
- Pests and Diseases: Coccoloba uvifera is relatively disease-resistant, but it can be susceptible to pests such as scale insects and mealybugs. Regularly inspecting the plant and treating any infestations promptly can help keep it healthy.
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